Spotting Fake News Step by Step
- Check the domain name. Does it look strange? Those ending unusual domains such as “.com.co” are fake news.
- Refer to the ‘About Us’ area on a website to see what it says, or refer to the websites above for more information on the story or source.
- Read multiple news sources to see how (or if) they are reporting on the same story
- 10 Questions for Fake News Detection from the News Literacy Project,
- guide from ConnectSafely.org
- PBS’s lesson how to teach about fake news
- Kathy Schrock’s Guide to Everything — Critical Evaluation
|Evaluating Information Online|
|• Who wrote the page and can you contact him or her?|
• Why was this document produced?
• Is this person qualified to write this document?
|• Know the difference between author and Webmaster.
• Make sure the author provides an e-mail, address and/or phone number.
|• Who published the document and is the publisher different than the "Webmaster?"|
• Did an organization or institution publish this document? A business? A university?
|• What qualifications are listed for the author or authors? (e.g.: university degree, title, etc.)
• Where is the document published? Check the URL domain in the search bar for clues.
|• What are the goals of this web page? To inform? To persuade? To entertain? To sell?|
• How detailed is the information?
• What opinions, if any, are presented by the author?
|• Is the webpage used for advertising? If it is, how might the information be biased?
• View any web page as you would a commercial on television. Ask yourself, “Why was this written and for whom?”
|• When was the web page produced?|
• When was the web page last updated?
|• Are there any links that don’t work on the web page? How many?|
|• In the URL, a tilde ~ usually indicates a personal web directory rather than being part of the organization's official web site. |
• Check the header and footer of the web page to find the author and publisher.
|• In order to verify an author's credentials, you may need to consult other sources as well.
• Check and compare the web site to others which are both similar and different.
|Queen's University CRAAP Guide to Evaluating Information||UBC librarians' tips for evaluating information on the Internet|
|Bedford/St. Martin's tips for evaluating sources||Cornell University Libraries Five Criteria for Evaluating Web Pages